Choosing the Right Software Architecture

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The best strategy to develop new programs is to study the different architectures commonly used to organize software systems and understand their benefits and drawbacks.

Here’s a list of five architectures used:

  1. Layered (n-tier) Architecture
    The code is structured in such a way that data enters the top layer and proceeds down each layer until it reaches the bottom, which is generally a database. Each layer has a distinct duty along the path, such as validating the data for accuracy or reformatting the numbers to keep them relevant.
  2. Event-Driven Architecture
    This architecture facilitates the management of data that requires processing and data that does not by building a central unit that takes all data and then delegates it to distinct modules that handle the specific category.
  3. Microkernel Architecture
    Many applications include a core set of actions repeated in various patterns depending on the data and the activity at hand. The microkernel contains the fundamental procedures for viewing and modifying files.
  4. Microservices Architecture
    It is intended to assist developers in preventing their software from growing up to be bulky, complex, and unpredictable. Instead of creating one large program, the idea is to create a bunch of small programs and then build a new small program whenever a new feature is added.
  5. Space-Based Architecture
    Aimed at minimizing functional collapse under heavy load by distributing processing and storage over multiple servers. Like the responsibility for servicing calls, the data is distributed throughout the nodes.

Multiple patterns can be used in a single system to optimize each piece of code using the suitable architecture.

Read this article to learn more about the five different architectures.